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WHAT IS HYPEROPIA?


What is Hyperopia (farsightedness)?

Hyperopia is farsightedness in the result of the anterior-posterior diameter of the eye being shorter than normal.

Since the cornea of the eye is flatter or shorter than normal (less refractive than normal), divergent from objects close to the eye, and rays moving away from each other are focused on a virtual point behind the retina. This incoming view seems blurry on the retina.

What causes Hyperopia?

Hyperopia, which occurs with age, can also be congenital. Hyperopia increases with age, due to the progressive decrease in accommodation power with age In addition, genetic factors may play an effective role in the formation of hypermetropia, a visual defect. Hyperopia creates blurred vision as a result of focusing the image behind the retina. The reason for this is that the anteroposterior length of the eye is short and, more rarely, the refractive force of the cornea or lens is less.

What are the Symptoms of Hyperopia?

  • Missing letters or lines when reading
  • Eye and headaches in people who read for a long time
  • Seeing letters as intertwined in texts
  • Eyes get tired quickly when looking closer
  • Inability to see close

How is Hyperopia Treatment?

The most common treatment method for refractive errors such as myopia, hyperopia and astigmatism is wearing glasses. The lenses of people with hypermetropia are thin-edged-convex-lenses that enable light to focus on the retina and increase the refractive power of the eye. Contact lenses with the same optical properties can also be used to correct refractive errors.

It can be treated with laser or intraocular lens surgery as well as glasses and contact lenses.

What are the degrees of hyperopia?

Usually babies are born with hyperopia. Hyperopia decreases over time until their 18. There is no significant change after the age of 18. However, farsighted people with clear vision without glasses at a young age may need glasses for distance vision after the age of 40.

Which Methods Used Other Than Glasses and Lenses?

One of the most recommended methods by physicians for the treatment of hypermetropia is intraocular lens therapy. Thanks to this method, patients can continue their lives without the need for glasses.

Another method recommended for hyperopia treatment is laser therapy. After the laser treatment, there is no 100% guarantee of zero number, but approximately 90 of the 100 people who have laser for nearsightedness are fully visible without glasses or contact lenses.

Does Eyeglass Treatment Lower The Degree of Hyperopia?

Glasses are most common method for treating hyperopia. However, glasses or contact lenses do not reduce the degree of hyperopia. If glasses or contact lenses are not used, hyperops cannot see clearly and may experience eye / headache.

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