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General Description

Myopia is a distant vision problem. When the eyepiece is out of focus, it’s difficult to see objects and signs at distant, but can clearly see objects that are close. Myopia, one of the most common visual defects, usually reveals itself in school age and increases until adulthood.

What causes myopia?

Usually, myopia occurs due to genetic reasons. However, environmental factors are also effective to increase myopia. The other reasons that affect to occur myopia are; excessive reading, working at close distance and environmental conditions. Myopia, which reveals itself between the ages of 6 and 13 in children, may increase depending on the growth of the body and it is a normal situation.

One of the most important causes of myopia and astigmatism is keratoconus disease.

What are the Symptoms of Myopia?

Myopia Symptoms in Children

  • Squinting eyes,
  • Rubbing eyes frequently,
  • A cross-eyed look,
  • Does not notice objects at a certain distance,

Routine eye examination is very important for early diagnosis and treatment in pediatric eye health.

Myopia Symptoms in Adults

  • Headache due to eye strain,
  • Difficulty driving at night,
  • The need to narrow or partially close the eyelids,
  • Blurred vision after certain distance.

How is myopia treatment?

Glasses and contact lenses are the most common treatment for myopia. These methods do not reduce the degree of myopia. However, it should be used to prevent increase degrees.

Other methods recommended for those who prefer to do not wear glasses or contact lenses are; laser and intraocular lenses. With these methods, you can correct your distance vision problem to a certain extent and continue your life without the need for glasses or lenses.

The most commonly used methods in laser treatment are SMILE, LASIK, Femtosecond LASIK, i-LASIK and PRK applications.


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